Nuclear fuel recycling: National and regional options for the US nuclear energy system

Energy and Environmental Science
Publication date

This journal article examines the impact of different options for advanced fuel cycle facilities needed for the U.S. nuclear energy market alone and under a partnership scenario with Brazil.  Three technologies are considered: (1) thermal recycling of transuranics (TRUs) in light water reactors using Combined Non-Fertile and UO2 Fuel (CONFU), (2) recycling of TRU in fertile-free metallic fuel in fast actinide burner reactors (ABRs) and (3) fast recycling of TRU with uranium oxide in self-sustaining gas-cooled fast reactors.

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