Applications

There are a wide variety of applications for nuclear energy technologies, from power generation to nonelectric uses, such as desalinization of seawater to produce drinking water, hydrogen production, heat for industrial processes and district heating, and nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems.

 

This thesis explores the role of nuclear power plants as load followers in a hybrid renewable energy system using thermal energy storage. In this case, the author describes a prismatic-core advanced high temperature reactor operating at constant power with molten salt storage supplying power to a secondary energy conversion system. The discussion includes a description of the model and its safety features.

This journal article provides an overview of the economics, opportunities, barriers and technology for nuclear desalination. The author proposes a value stack approach for desalination but acknowledges that the countries for which the technology would be most useful are generally not nuclear powers.
These conference proceedings present a review of nuclear power developments in the past, present and future, including pressurized water reactors (PWR), small modular reactors (SMR), and advanced reactor designs. The authors position the evolution of nuclear technology in the context of the search for a clean energy system with resilience.
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has worked on desalination development in India since the 1970s. This report summarizes those efforts, including a description of the national strategy, demonstration projects, technologies and future plans.
This report describes the U.S. ecosystem of clean energy innovation from the perspectives of technological potential, investment patterns, institutional roles and public policy. It identifies critical strengths and weaknesses of the ecosystem and offers recommendations for making it more effective. The authors examine the different technology readiness stages through which innovation passes and the importance of feedback among those stages. They also discuss the opportunities to accelerate the pace of clean energy innovation, including the development of advanced nuclear reactors.
This paper reviews the concept of integrating a SMART reactor with seawater desalination system in the context of Korea's nuclear regulatory system. The authors proposes a framework for international cooperation on technological development of nuclear power for nonelectric uses.

This work presented in this journal articles uses the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to analyze the impacts of four nuclear retirement scenarios of the U.S. electricity sector, from nuclear plant lifetimes of 50 to 80 years. According to the analysis, longer nuclear lifetimes resulted in lower cumulative and annual carbon emissions, lower transmission builds, and higher energy curtailment and water usage.

This techno-economic study, using the Desalination Economic Evaluation Program developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency, shows that by 2030, China will have the capacity to produce 23.1 billion cubic meters of water annually, at $0.86/cubic meter, as a coproduct of electricity generation through nuclear power, provided the country favors desalination over water diversion. The authors argue that this policy is more economical and less risky than diversion over the long term.