Desalination

This journal article provides an overview of the economics, opportunities, barriers and technology for nuclear desalination. The author proposes a value stack approach for desalination but acknowledges that the countries for which the technology would be most useful are generally not nuclear powers.
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has worked on desalination development in India since the 1970s. This report summarizes those efforts, including a description of the national strategy, demonstration projects, technologies and future plans.
This paper reviews the concept of integrating a SMART reactor with seawater desalination system in the context of Korea's nuclear regulatory system. The authors proposes a framework for international cooperation on technological development of nuclear power for nonelectric uses.
This techno-economic study, using the Desalination Economic Evaluation Program developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency, shows that by 2030, China will have the capacity to produce 23.1 billion cubic meters of water annually, at $0.86/cubic meter, as a coproduct of electricity generation through nuclear power, provided the country favors desalination over water diversion. The authors argue that this policy is more economical and less risky than diversion over the long term.

This journal article presents a study to evaluate the status of small modular nuclear reactors and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)-assisted desalination projects for the Middle East and North Africa region. The authors (1) discuss the potential of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for adopting nuclear reactors and coupled nuclear reactor desalination, (2) examine the theoretical and computational techniques that could be best suited for adopting nuclear desalination and (3) discuss the techno-economics analysis of CAREM and SMART nuclear reactors with cost estimation.

This journal article reviews the adverse environmental impacts of nuclear desalination. Where marine impacts are concerned, the authors propose mitigation strategies based on alternative intake designs or cooling systems. Where atmospheric impacts are concerned, they propose looking into the coupling with the nuclear power source. They also examine public opinion trends and find increasing favourability.
This conference paper reviews the technologies that are applicable to nuclear desalination. The authors conclude that combining thermal and membrane desalination processes and technologies within a hybrid plant scheme, particularly when coupled to Nuclear Power Plant PWR, can reduce desalinated water costs in dual-purpose stations, add flexibility and better match the demand to the combined water and power production, and minimize the environmental impact of power desalination plants.