District Heating

This technical analysis describes the design and efficiency of a district heating system using a GTHTR300 reactor in Hokkaido, Japan. The system goal is to provide structural heating and road snow melting using the reactor's waste heat while considering safety. The authors describe the differences in efficiency between single- and double-pipe implementations, and they present the relationship between efficiency, construction cost and long-term system economy.
This journal article provides background on nuclear cogeneration for district heating, describes a techno-economic model with which to evaluate its application and applies the model to a proposed implementation for district heating in Paris. The cost modeling limits itself to heat transport lines. The policy context is built on a government mandate to alter the share of production derived from nuclear.
The authors of this report argue that nuclear energy has potential beyond electricity production. They highlight examples in Canada, Czechoslovakia, the U.S.S.R. , and China of heat generation, desalination and industrial energy parks. And they note that different plant designs have different heat generation potential and therefore will have varying levels of applicability to these nonelectric applications.