Emissions Reductions

These conference proceedings present a review of nuclear power developments in the past, present and future, including pressurized water reactors (PWR), small modular reactors (SMR), and advanced reactor designs. The authors position the evolution of nuclear technology in the context of the search for a clean energy system with resilience.
This report focuses on nuclear energy as one pathway to meeting the twin challenges of alleviating energy poverty and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Part 1 outlines the state of nuclear power deployment in sub-Saharan Africa. Part 2 gives an overview of what the challenges of deploying nuclear power are likely to be. And Part 3 describes advanced nuclear technology and how it could increase the likelihood of nuclear development.
This journal article addresses the application of nuclear in a hybrid renewable energy system. A challenge of balancing variable renewables with nuclear is that operating nuclear power plants in load-following modes decreases the plants' annual energy output and increases the levelized cost of energy, decreasing economic competitiveness. One possible solution is to couple thermal energy storage to nuclear power plants.
This report quantifies greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the industrial sector and identifies opportunities for non-GHG-emitting thermal energy sources to replace the most significant GHG-emitting U.S. industries based on targeted process-level analysis of industrial heat requirements. The intent is to provide a basis for projecting opportunities for clean energy use; doing so provides a prospectus for small modular nuclear reactors (including nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems), solar industrial process heat and geothermal energy, according to the authors.
This document presents Google's summary of its efforts to become a an exclusively carbon-free energy consumer. Depending on the operating environment, Google contracts solar, wind, hydro, biomass, or nuclear power. In Finland, Google contracts approximately 40% of its power from hydropower and nuclear sources. The report cites that establishing 24x7 carbon-free electricity is easier at its data centers with access to nuclear power plants.
The authors of this report argue that although subsidies for nuclear power in an environment of falling energy prices may be substantial, they represent a cost-effective means of avoiding emissions that would otherwise be generated by other energy sources.

This journal article investigates the costs of stand-alone renewable hybrid power plants on a Greek island and compares them to the cost of the currently used fossil-fuel-based conventional plant. The author shows that the higher cost of electricity of such a remote region can increase the competitiveness and promote the wider incorporation of technologies based on renewable energy sources.