Policies

The resources in this section provide information on policies influencing the adoption of nuclear energy, from licensing constraints to international agreements to stimulus policies such as carbon credits and emissions reduction targets.

 

This journal article presents a comparative review of the renewable energy sectors and sharing opportunities in China, India and Pakistan and foresees a significant role for nuclear energy in the future regional energy mix. The authors describe these opportunities in the context of regional development and security. They also detail future energy demands and renewable energy targets, a comparison of renewable energy sectors, resource mixes, and projects.
These conference proceedings present a review of nuclear power developments in the past, present and future, including pressurized water reactors (PWR), small modular reactors (SMR), and advanced reactor designs. The authors position the evolution of nuclear technology in the context of the search for a clean energy system with resilience.
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has worked on desalination development in India since the 1970s. This report summarizes those efforts, including a description of the national strategy, demonstration projects, technologies and future plans.
This report focuses on nuclear energy as one pathway to meeting the twin challenges of alleviating energy poverty and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Part 1 outlines the state of nuclear power deployment in sub-Saharan Africa. Part 2 gives an overview of what the challenges of deploying nuclear power are likely to be. And Part 3 describes advanced nuclear technology and how it could increase the likelihood of nuclear development.
This journal article addresses the application of nuclear in a hybrid renewable energy system. A challenge of balancing variable renewables with nuclear is that operating nuclear power plants in load-following modes decreases the plants' annual energy output and increases the levelized cost of energy, decreasing economic competitiveness. One possible solution is to couple thermal energy storage to nuclear power plants.
This report quantifies greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the industrial sector and identifies opportunities for non-GHG-emitting thermal energy sources to replace the most significant GHG-emitting U.S. industries based on targeted process-level analysis of industrial heat requirements. The intent is to provide a basis for projecting opportunities for clean energy use; doing so provides a prospectus for small modular nuclear reactors (including nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems), solar industrial process heat and geothermal energy, according to the authors.
The authors of this report argue for the development of institutional and human capacity in support of countries seeking to develop nuclear power. They specifically examines Jordan, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates to assess these countries’ programs. The report includes recommendations on how the international community can best support nuclear development in other nations.
This document presents Google's summary of its efforts to become a an exclusively carbon-free energy consumer. Depending on the operating environment, Google contracts solar, wind, hydro, biomass, or nuclear power. In Finland, Google contracts approximately 40% of its power from hydropower and nuclear sources. The report cites that establishing 24x7 carbon-free electricity is easier at its data centers with access to nuclear power plants.

This journal article examines the impact of different options for advanced fuel cycle facilities needed for the U.S. nuclear energy market alone and under a partnership scenario with Brazil.  Three technologies are considered: (1) thermal recycling of transuranics (TRUs) in light water reactors using Combined Non-Fertile and UO2 Fuel (CONFU), (2) recycling of TRU in fertile-free metallic fuel in fast actinide burner reactors (ABRs) and (3) fast recycling of TRU with uranium oxide in self-sustaining gas-cooled fast reactors.