Small Modular Reactors
This journal article details the integration concept of solar photovoltaics into a small nuclear power plant. The concept also details the role of thermal energy storage in the hybrid plant.
This journal article describes a virtual power plant arrangement that combines intermittent offshore wind farm production with firming capacity generated by small to medium-sized reactors. The authors found that the combined system offered several advantages including improved economic performance, flexibility, and reliability.
This journal article presents a study to evaluate the status of small modular nuclear reactors and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)-assisted desalination projects for the Middle East and North Africa region. The authors (1) discuss the potential of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for adopting nuclear reactors and coupled nuclear reactor desalination, (2) examine the theoretical and computational techniques that could be best suited for adopting nuclear desalination and (3) discuss the techno-economics analysis of CAREM and SMART nuclear reactors with cost estimation.
This journal article evaluates the potential for small modular reactors (SMRs) in the United States, develops a techno-economic assessment of SMRs and then uses the model to evaluate U.S. regulatory fees structures.
In these PNAS proceedings, the authors use interviews with 16 experts to evaluate two small modular reactor (SMR) designs based on engineering-economic assessment experiences. They provide estimates of the overnight cost and construction duration for five reactor-deployment scenarios that involve a large reactor and two light water SMRs.
This journal article highlights the advantage held by first-mover technologies in the energy industry, which presents a barrier to newer, cleaner technologies unless sufficient efficiency and cost gains can be demonstrated. According to the authors, nuclear fission and solar photovoltaics provide a test case for understanding the value of "going small" in order to move innovation forward.