Technologies

These resource provide information on nuclear technologies, including current and proposed reactor designs at various scales, environmental issues, safety considerations, fuel recycling and disposal, plant operating constraints and grid impacts.

 

This journal article provides an overview of the economics, opportunities, barriers and technology for nuclear desalination. The author proposes a value stack approach for desalination but acknowledges that the countries for which the technology would be most useful are generally not nuclear powers.
These conference proceedings present a review of nuclear power developments in the past, present and future, including pressurized water reactors (PWR), small modular reactors (SMR), and advanced reactor designs. The authors position the evolution of nuclear technology in the context of the search for a clean energy system with resilience.
The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre has worked on desalination development in India since the 1970s. This report summarizes those efforts, including a description of the national strategy, demonstration projects, technologies and future plans.
This report describes the U.S. ecosystem of clean energy innovation from the perspectives of technological potential, investment patterns, institutional roles and public policy. It identifies critical strengths and weaknesses of the ecosystem and offers recommendations for making it more effective. The authors examine the different technology readiness stages through which innovation passes and the importance of feedback among those stages. They also discuss the opportunities to accelerate the pace of clean energy innovation, including the development of advanced nuclear reactors.
This report focuses on nuclear energy as one pathway to meeting the twin challenges of alleviating energy poverty and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. Part 1 outlines the state of nuclear power deployment in sub-Saharan Africa. Part 2 gives an overview of what the challenges of deploying nuclear power are likely to be. And Part 3 describes advanced nuclear technology and how it could increase the likelihood of nuclear development.

The authors of this study evaluate the existing waste management approaches for nuclear fuel cycle facilities in comparison to the objectives of implementing an advanced fuel cycle in the United States under existing legal, regulatory, and logistical constructs.

The UK government has provided clear milestones regarding the needs of waste management and decommissioning, according to the authors of these proceeding. Most of these milestone rely on research and technical developments being delivered over the next 10–20 years. And the DISTINCTIVE (Decommissioning, Immobilisation and Storage Solutions for Nuclear Waste Inventories) consortium is carrying out research that addresses the broad area of nuclear waste and decommissioning, bringing together industry partners and academic researchers from 10 research-intensive universities in the UK.

Microreactor technology and flow chemistry could play a pivotal role in the context of sustainable development, according to the authors of this journal article. According to them, flow chemistry is becoming a new technique for fulfilling several of the twelve green chemistry principles. They suggest a micro-reactor approach could preserve atom economy, guarantee less hazardous chemical synthesis and allow the use of safer solvents and auxiliaries.